We understand how to install Windows 11 on a computer in several different ways.
The new operating system Windows 11 is already officially available to everyone. Not so long ago , we already talked about its main “chips” of the platform, its advantages and disadvantages. And, if you still decide to try it in action, this article will help you figure out how to upgrade to Windows 11 or install the system from scratch.
Installing with Windows Update
If your computer is fully compatible with the new Microsoft operating system, then the easiest way to get it is to use Windows Update. To do this, check the availability of the update by going to the “Settings” tab and finding the “Update and Security” item there.
If your computer is compatible with Windows 11, installation on a PC is possible directly from the Update Center, but if not, you will see the following inscription:
The main disadvantage of this upgrade method is that the upgrade to Windows 11 is gradual and you may have to wait until it appears specifically for your PC.
Installing with the Media Creation Tool
If patience is not your forte, then you can download the Media Creation Tool from the official Microsoft website. The utility will allow you to download the ISO image of the system and create a bootable USB flash drive or DVD based on it.
The bootable flash drive has been created and you can start updating your computer. To do this, enter the BIOS by pressing a key or a combination of keys when the computer boots. Which key it is is determined by the manufacturer of your motherboard. Usually it is written on the PC boot screen, for example:
Set the flash drive as boot drive, save the changes and restart your computer. The process of installing Windows from a flash drive via BIOS is described in more detail in this article .
After that, follow the simple and clear instructions of the Windows 11 installer, and when the installation is completed, do not forget to change the boot drive to the one where the operating system is installed.
Using the Windows 11 Setup Assistant
How to install windows 11 on a laptop or computer? There is another easy way to upgrade to Windows 11 without waiting for an update to be available for your PC. Just download the Windows 11 Setup Assistant from the official Microsoft website, install it on your PC and just follow its prompts.
Download the image of Windows 11 from the official site
This method is suitable for those who are used to independence. You can download the Windows 11 image yourself from the official Microsoft website and create a bootable USB flash drive based on it. How to do this is described in our material.
Well, then use the same installation procedure as in the case of the Media Creation Tool. In other words, restart your computer, enter BIOS and select the USB flash drive as a boot drive. Save the changes and boot the PC from the flash drive. The update process has begun.
Installing Windows 11 on an incompatible PC
Above, we described the easiest ways to install Windows 11 on a computer that is initially compatible with the new Microsoft operating system. But what if your PC is not compatible with Windows 11, but you still want to try this platform?
To check the compatibility of your computer with Windows 11, you can use Windows Update or a special utility PC Health Check , which will tell you about the main shortcomings of the system.
Basically, Microsoft’s stated minimum system requirements for Windows 11 aren’t all that great. Your computer must have:
- at least 4 GB of RAM
- 1 GHz 64-bit processor with two or more cores
- at least 64 GB of disk space
- DirectX 12 or later compatible video adapter with WDDM 2.0 driver
- over 9″ display with 720p+ resolution
As you can see, there is simply nothing beyond these requirements, and almost any relatively modern PC meets them. However, there is one, or rather two nuances at once, which cut off a lot of very good systems from Windows 11. This is a check of the processor model and the presence of a TPM 2.0 module.
So, Windows 11 turned out to be incompatible even with relatively fresh processors released before 2017. But this is explained not by the increased consumption of resources by the operating system, but by Microsoft’s concern for user security. It is also associated with the mandatory requirement for the presence of a TPM 2.0 module.
However, it seems that Microsoft is well aware of the scale of the problem and does not want to deprive themselves of a whole army of users. Therefore, the Redmond company has released official instructions on how to upgrade Windows 10 to Windows 11, even on an incompatible computer. Just in case, we repeat: Microsoft talked about how to officially circumvent the restrictions it has set.
True, Microsoft immediately says that they do not recommend installing Windows 11 on incompatible devices, and if you do take such a step, then you acknowledge and understand all the risks that it carries.
But enough of the lyrics. In order to bypass the TPM 2.0 check and install Windows 11 without TPM 2.0, you need to edit some registry values. Launch the Registry Editor by pressing the Win+R keyboard shortcut and typing regedit.
After that, go to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Setup\MoSetup registry branch and create a REG_DWORD parameter there with the name AllowUpgradesWithUnsupportedTPMOrCPU and the value 1. Restart the computer.
Now we know how to install Windows 11 on an old PC. However, it is important to understand that in any case, your computer must have a TPM module of version 1.2 or higher. If you do not have this, then installing a new operating system simply will not work.
In order to make sure that it is available, press the Win + R combination and enter the tpm.msc command. If you see a window that says “Unable to find a compatible TPM”, try a few more steps.
First of all, check if your processor is on the Windows 11 compatible list. If so, then your system is using the UEFI that the operating system needs. In this case, you need to enable the Secure Boot security protocol.
To do this, open “System Information” in Windows 10 and find the line “Safe Boot Status” there. Option disabled? You need to enable it via UEFI. Go to the page “Settings” – “Update and Security” – “Recovery” and click “Restart” in the special boot options. In the window that appears, select “Troubleshooting”. Go to “Advanced Options” and “UEFI Firmware Options”.
After the reboot, you will be taken to UEFI. Find the Secure Boot option there and enable it. Save your changes with the Apply button.
Now let’s check the TPM settings. They can be found in UEFI under various names TPM, fTPM, TPM Device, PTT, Trusted Platform Module, Security Chip, and possibly some others. But in most cases, they are hidden on the Security tab. Enable this setting by selecting Enabled or TPM On. Save the changes again by clicking on the Apply button and exit UEFI.
After the computer boots Windows 10 again, check the status of the TPM again using the tpm.msc command. If everything was done correctly, you will see its parameters and TPM version. Recall that Windows 11 requires TPM 2.0. But how to get around this limitation, we have already described a little higher.
Run the PC Health Check again using the PC Health Check utility. Now she shouldn’t have any problems. Well, you can use one of the methods described at the beginning of the article to install a new Microsoft operating system. As we can see, there is nothing difficult in installing Windows 11 on an unsupported computer.