The government is discussing the possibility of including Russian processor manufacturers in the list of backbone enterprises. This measure is designed to reduce the pressure of sanctions.
The government is considering expanding the list of backbone enterprises, RBC reported. It is proposed to change the selection criteria so that this list could include processor manufacturers Baikal Electronics and MCST. Such a measure will allow them to transfer production to Chinese factories from the Taiwanese Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), where it has become impossible due to sanctions.
Baikal Electronics and MCST are the developers of the Russian Baikal and Elbrus processors, respectively. Their production has so far been carried out on TSMC chips. However, after the US expanded sanctions on high-tech exports to Russia (including microelectronics), TSMC stopped supplying semiconductors to the country.
Now, in order to be included in the list of backbone enterprises, an enterprise must meet one of the criteria defined by the government, for example, be a city-forming enterprise or have a significant impact on the development of the region.
At the same time, radio-electronic industry enterprises applying for this status must also have at least 1,000 employees and a revenue of at least 5 billion rubles. At present, neither Baikal Electronics nor MCST meet this requirement.
MCST Deputy General Director for Marketing and General Director of the Domestic Microprocessors and Platforms Consortium Konstantin Trushkin believes that domestic processor manufacturers should be supported under the sanctions. He suggested the following measures:
- include in the list of IT companies,
- introduce credit holidays,
- maintain priority in public procurement for products manufactured on the basis of Russian microcircuits,
- support software compatible with Russian processors and develop its range.
However, the inclusion of microchip developers in the list of backbone enterprises may, on the contrary, facilitate the imposition of sanctions against them. According to sources of the publication, the list of enterprises important for the state is closely monitored from abroad.